Bunions referred to in the medical community as Hallux Valgus, are one of the most common forefoot problems. Symptoms of bunions include inflammation, swelling, and soreness on the side surface of the big toe.
Bunions worsen over time and cause discomfort, difficulty walking, and skin problems such as corns and calluses.
Without treatment, the deformity eventually becomes disabling. Custom orthotics to prevent over pronation will help significantly to restore normal gait and less pressure on the Hallux.
Treatment for bunions may vary depending on the severity of the condition. Here are some options:
- Comfortable shoes: Wear comfortable shoes with a wide toe box that can accommodate the bunion and not put pressure on it. Avoid shoes that are tight, high-heeled, or pointed.
- Orthotics: Wearing orthotic inserts or custom-made shoe inserts can help to redistribute pressure on the foot and alleviate pain.
- Padding: Using bunion pads or cushions can help to reduce friction and pressure on the bunion.
- Medication: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Ice: Applying ice to the bunion for 10-15 minutes at a time, a few times a day, can help to reduce pain and swelling.
- Exercises: Specific exercises and stretches can help to improve the flexibility and strength of the feet and toes, reducing the pressure on the bunion.
- Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the bunion or realign the bones of the affected joint.
The following bunion treatment can assist with the painful and debilitating effects..
- Bunion splints and custom orthotics are able to provide relief.
- Resting the foot, reducing excessive walking, and wearing loose shoes or sandals can relieve the uncomfortable pain of bunions.
- Soaking your feet in warm water may relieve some of the pain, while softening calluses that have developed
- Stretching exercises are sometimes given to reduce tension on the affected joint.
- optimizing footwear with a weight bearing orthotic and maintaining good foot hygiene
When the bunion becomes inflamed and the skin breaks the area can become prone to infection. The key to correction is to take action early.